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2021 Schedule - August Topics

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14 Dec 2020 10:25 #7560 by Bear
2021 Schedule - August Topics was created by Bear
Projected − Panoramic Photography
Capturing a photographic panoramic subject / image that is enhanced by capture on a wide format (or tall, if working vertically), either on a wide aspect ratio or on a large field of view.

NOTE: If you find the description of a “Panoramic” a bit confusing from the text provided please read on and hopefully it might become a bit clearer as you read on.
Location, Location, Location
Before we go into what “Panoramic Photography” is, let’s consider how lucky we are to live in such a place as Western Australia or Australia as a whole, the opportunities for “Panoramic Photography” are endless and awe inspiring. So just let your imagination run wild and the one thing with this topic is that you have to get out there into the wide-open spaces of our beautiful country and capture that beauty.
NOTE: Remember do not forget to consider using your camera in the “portrait/vertical” and “landscape” format if it suits what you are trying to create.

The one thing that researching “Panoramic Photography” came up with is that panoramic photography is very diverse. Not everyone has the same concept of what is “Panoramic Photography”.
In my opinion, if everyone agrees to say that it's a photo in a wide format but for some people it's also a wide field of view, for others a virtual tour, and of course your own definition.
What does it all mean? So, here comes the more technical and for many the boring section on “Panoramic” photography. I hoped I did not have to include this but here we go.
Here are the key points you need to have in mind about "what panoramic photography is."

I think there's only one consensus: a panoramic photograph is photography of a wide format.
But with virtual tours, this consensus is blown to pieces!
So, for some people it's a wide photo, for others it's a wide photo with a wide field of view, a panorama and finally for others it's a virtual tour. You might have your own definition, by the way...
If it's just a wide photo, its ratio height/width must be at least 1/2 but the most usual is 1/3.
For others, the photographed field of view must be over the field of view of an extra wide angle like a 14 mm in 24x36 and in a much wider format than this famous and classic 24x36 from our digital cameras.
Panoramic photography now is, thanks to computer science, very diverse. It can be done by stitching pictures and it's become quite easy to make all sorts of panoramas with this method.

A panoramic photograph is above all a photo that has a wide format. When the ratio between height and length of the photo is at least 1/2, we consider it a panoramic photography. The field of view doesn't matter too much even if some lovers of this format like it when it's over 120° to at least embrace the angle of human vision which is more or less 140°.
This ratio can of course be longer - 1/3 - and even very much longer in the case of 360°. But the most common format is 1/3.

Enough is enough, no more on size and ratios etc.,

Composition helps to tell your story. For panoramic photography, traditional compositional standards apply but now you need to stretch the rules a little.
Be careful about using wide-angle lenses for panoramas: huge foreground interests and tiny backgrounds tend to plague beginners.
Rule of thirds
The Rule of Thirds is the same classic composition: 3x3 grid and nine spaces but the ratio has widened.
Leading Lines
Leading lines become even more powerful in panoramas: the eye has more room to explore!

Panoramic Equipment
Tripod,
Tripod head with locking pan movement (side to side) and a bubble leveller is even more useful.
L-Bracket
Whichever badass designed the first L-Bracket deserves a spot in Valhalla. I recommend these for any photographer of any level, period. Instead of having to reposition the tripod head every time you change from horizontal to vertical (landscape and portrait) photography, an L-Bracket allows photographers to simply flip the camera. Compose with a small horizontal shot, flip the camera, then get straight to business.
Nodal Slide
A nodal slide reduces parallax, or how physics seeks vengeance on human ingenuity, a topic that begs for a standalone blog. As you learn how to shoot panoramic photography, this will become more essential.
Photographing Panoramas
Method 1: Standard
99% of panoramas are shot with a tripod, ball head (with a bubble), and in vertical mode (thanks to the L-bracket).
Let’s start with your setup basics. You need:
Tripod Head Bubble Leveller
L-Bracket
Remote
Tripod Bubble Leveller
Tripod Head
First, level your tripod. Change the length of the legs until the bubble is in the centre. Next, place the camera in a vertical position on your tripod. If you do not have an L-Bracket, you will need to rotate the camera down and into the notch where it’s more difficult to fine-tune.
Quick Tip: for those using a remote, plug it in first or you’ll have to adjust the camera all over again!
Third, compose the shot. Make sure that everything needed in your panorama is well inside of it — until we dive very deep into panorama shooting, remember there is a danger of losing data because of cropping and wide-angle issues. Level your tripod head after that and retest the shot. Adjust as needed.
Finally, ready your first exposure and lock the tripod head. Ready to shoot!
Always Overlap Your Shots
When you pan to the next photo, always overlap from the previous shot. If I shoot wide, I reshoot 50% from my last photo. Use no less than 20%.
Frequent Footfalls:
Mode: feature I suggest to use the manual mode but Aperture Priority will also work well, however if you are going to be stitching images the manual Mode is recommended.
Light Sensitivity/ISO — If you are bracketing, you already know to set your ISO manually. The problem with panoramas and ISO is this: if your camera automatically handles ISO for you, as you pan from to feature, the light changes and your camera will adjust to what it thinks you need. When you stitch, some photos will have totally different lighting! Oh no.
Focus — Focus all depends on what you are shooting. Far away cityscape? Set it to f/9, focus on a building in the middle ground and go to town. Manually adjust as you pan if you have specific things to focus on in the composition. Play around with getting your mid and background all in focus together.
Timing — Panoramas take time. Surroundings change quickly and managing passing people and waving flags create special problems for panoramic photography. Further, golden hour colours can be fleeting. Sometimes you have to make a hard choice and shoot anyway. Timing is such sweet sorrow.
Plan ahead of time. Make sure to manage your surroundings so you can shoot as unhindered as possible.
Quick Tip: Moving objects might move with the camera, such as people and boats — consider pausing and letting them pass so you don’t have the same object in every exposure.
White Balance — White balance, much like ISO, if left for the camera to decide, each exposure will change based on what the camera is pointed at. If you do not manage white balance, some of your exposures might have wildly different colours, which is a travesty to fix in post.

Print – Minimalism
An image which uses a minimal amount of colour, objects, shapes and texture in the composition.


We often hear the phrase 'less is more', and this couldn't be more apt than when appreciating minimalism. When executed well, minimalist photography can be an extremely simple but dramatic way to capture images.
Minimalism is a style using a minimum number of components such as colour, shape, line and texture.
IMPORTANT TO NOTE: This topic is not to be confused with, although it has very similar traits, with “Negative Space”. The use of “Negative Space” in the composition can be incorporated to enhance the minimalist images but it is more than that, it does not necessarily need to include large space of emptiness, shapes, shadows, colour etc., can fill up the spaces and still portray “minimalism”.
There are many guides on the web on how to capture excellent minimalist photography, here are just a briefly mention of the main rules:
Take care about subjects. You should accentuate your shot on one or few similar objects. It’s the first step to make your object dominate.
Pay attention to the background. You should choose plain backgrounds without any distraction elements (their influence can be eliminated with zooming).
Don’t afraid to use colours. You can choose contrasting or similar colours. Bright juicy splashes will make your shots look more impressive and your subject stand out from the background. At the same time if you choose different hues of one colour you can also gain great results.
Delete unnecessary elements. If you think that there are some distractions on your shots you can safely crop or remove them. All the attention should be reverted on the main subject.
Take several shots of the same object. Don’t restrict yourself by taking one or two photos. Try different lighting, angles, focal lengths, exposures, etc.
When understanding how to achieve minimalism, the rule is to keep it simple. But that doesn't mean it needs to be boring or uninteresting. Try to pick a striking and engaging subject that will catch the eye. The subject has to be the strongest element of the shot, even though it may not take up the majority of the frame. A strong composition is key in this type of photography.
Before you take your shot, take a moment to consider what you are going to include in your shot, but also what you are going to leave out. The space around a subject will accentuate its prominence, so look to zoom in or crop out any.
The "rule of thirds" applies here and will help when deciding how to frame your subject. Strong composition can also incorporate square structures and line, which we will come to later on, but keep an eye out for strong shapes and lines which might lend themselves to a minimalist shot.
Be sure to focus in on the subject, and if possible, select a depth of field and perspective that will make the subject stand out, this will draw the eye into the shot
The use of colour in minimalist photography is highly evident and it is an extremely useful tool when it comes to capturing an eye catching yet simple shot.
Try to use the available light to bring out the colours within the scene. Many shots work based around a single colour, including both the subject and the background, but this can be difficult to find, so keep an eye out for either colours that complement each other, or a combination of contrasting colours.
Strong horizontal or vertical lines lend themselves to strong composition, as they will give a solid structure to this type of image.
I suggest you look at minimalist images and train your eyes start to identify potential minimalist images as you go out with your camera. When you're out and about, keep your eyes open for spaces and blocks of colour, interesting subjects that stand alone and clean lines. Look up, look down, change the perspective, keep searching and you will be rewarded. A good place to start might be within geometric shapes found within architecture, which often include a whole wall of re-occurring pattern that can be exploited as a minimalist photo.
Processing minimalist shots should be reasonably simple, as having captured your shot, you should have a good notion of what you want to produce—something simple but dramatic. Something you might want to consider is experimenting with the more surreal images, using an artistic viewpoint to create an image that may be unrecognisable from its original state but functions instead as a piece of art.
However, you may also want to stay true to life and simply process your image with a focus on bringing out the subject and enhancing the lines and colour within
Many minimalist photos are eye catching, featuring simple lines, appealing colours and could be considered an artistic expression, but once you've mastered capturing appealing images; it's time to take on a greater challenge. Can you tell a story through a photo shot in a minimalist style? Is it possible to convey a scene or event?
Don't be afraid to get creative. Minimalism can be a very subjective topic, so what you appreciate, others may not.
Challenge yourself, and don’t be afraid to try new things. Minimalism is a very subjective style, open to interpretation, so don’t be concerned if others don’t see things exactly how you do. Just remember to enjoy the learning curve, and have fun.

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27 Aug 2021 11:23 #8070 by Jodie D
Replied by Jodie D on topic 2021 Schedule - August Topics
Projected topic - Panoramic. Judged by:

Clinton Bradbury AIPP GAICD MBA

Principal Photographer
w -  www.artfromsweat.com.au
Bradbury Photography
Making Art From Sweat


 

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